Tesla’s electric vehicle gigafactories: What, where, how?

Tesla plans to turn its headquarters, the Texas Gigafactory, into a publicly accessible ecological paradise — is the new Giga Water Loop involved?

As one of the leading EV companies, Tesla has a fairly expansive global manufacturing set up. 

Tesla’s original factory, in Fremont, California, opened in 2010 and remains one of the state’s largest manufacturing sites. Back in 2021, it produced the first Model S which went on to be the fourth best selling EV in the US in 2022.

Also in the US is Tesla’s New York Gigafactory, opened in 2017, which makes Powerpack batteries as well as solar panels and parts for Supercharger stations, and Giga Texas in Austin (opened 2022) which is now the company’s headquarters as well as an assembly site. 

Giga Shanghai opened in 2019, Giga Berlin opened in 2022, and Giga Mexico is planned for opening in 2025. 

The Shanghai factory has evolved into a vital component of Tesla's supply chain, accounting for more than half of the company's vehicle deliveries in 2022.

The company has posed plans to open further gigafactories, the location of which has been heavily debated with options including the UK, India, South Korea and Indonesia.

"It would take 100 Gigafactories to transition the whole world to sustainable energy,” CEO Elon Musk said in 2016, sharing the sustainability focus at the heart of the facilities. 

Austin, Texas: Home to Tesla’s headquarters 

Covering 2,500 acres along the Colorado River with over 10 million square feet of factory floor, Gigafactory Texas is a US manufacturing hub for Model Y and the future home of Cybertruck.

The site isn’t just a manufacturing hub, however — it also includes the production of battery cells and even cathode material. 

It’s also Tesla’s headquarters, and the company plans to turn the entire campus into a public space. 

Musk has, famously, not given a lot of information about this “ecological paradise” outside mentioning “a boardwalk, hiking, and biking trails, and access to a stream.” 

The company is also planning to build something called “Giga Water Loop” which again, there is little information about. Mass speculation currently predicts that the project will be large, possibly a water recycling system, and maybe part of the wider campus ecological vision.


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